Crowns are an ideal restoration for teeth, which have been broken, or have been weakened by decay or a very large filling. The crown fits right over the remaining part of the tooth, making it strong and giving it the shape and contour of a natural tooth.
There are a number of reasons. For instance;
Crowns are made of a variety of materials, and new materials are continually being introduced. Here are some of the options available at present:
The dentist will prepare the tooth to the ideal shape for the crown. This will involve removing most of the outer surface, leaving a strong inner ‘core’. The amount of the tooth removed will be the same as the thickness of the crown to be fitted. Once the tooth is shaped, the dentist will take an impression of the prepared tooth, one of the opposite jaw and possibly another to mark the way you bite together. The impressions will be given to the technician, along with any other information needed to make the crown.
The impressions and shade information will be given to a Dental Technician who will be skilled in making crowns. Models will be made of your mouth and the crown will be constructed on these in order to ensure that the crown fits perfectly.
The crown will be made to match your other teeth, the shade of the neighbouring teeth will be recorded, to make sure that the colour looks natural as possible and matches the surrounding teeth. A temporary crown, usually made in plastic, will be fitted at the end of the first appointment to last until the permanent one is ready. These temporary crowns may be more noticeable, but they are only a temporary measure.
At least two visits are needed, the first far the preparation, Impression, shade taking and fitting the temporary crown, and the second to fit the permanent crown.
No. A local anesthetic is used and the preparation should feel no different to that of a filling. If the tooth does not have a nerve, end a post crown is being prepared, then local anaesthetic may not be needed.
Post crowns may be used when the tooth has been root filled. The weakened crown of the tooth is drilled off at the level of the gum. The dentist makes a double-ended post to fit into the root canal. This can be either a prefabricated material eg gold. One end of the post is cemented into the root canal, and the other end holds the crown firmly in place.